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Spain Inland Locations-Guide

Information about Iznájar

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(5.271 inhabitants) Còrdoba province

Set on top of a high peak. At present turned into a peninsula, the city shows its walls to the lake with its name, fed by river Genil.

History

IznajarThis village of Iberian origin, it won’t take importance until the Middle Age. From then, valuing its privileged situation, arabs built a castle that they called Hins Ashar, from where the village takes its actual name. During this time it suffered several changes until the Al – Andalus peace carried out by Abderramàn III. At the fall of the caliphate passed to depend on the Granada kingdom. Along almost four centuries it established as a frontier territory, until its conquest in 1431 under the reign of Juan II, in the frame of the War of Granada.

In 1480 it depended on the domain of Cabra, what made it get into a long period of decay, due to its exclusive dependence on the agriculture and to the regrettable land distribution carried out from the Christian conquest. In XIX century, the village turned on a mason and liberal focus. In 1861 took part in the revolt against the monarchy led by the lojan Rafael Pèrez del Alamo.

Gastronomy

IznajarCountry products, mainly the pork, are the basic elements of this cuisine rich in imagination and quality. Of long tradition are dishes as the mohejuelas, stew made of the inners and brains of pork; the relleno, cold meat made of jam and turkey and the pavo en pepitoria. Desserts as the huevos volaos, made with milk, mostachones ( macaroons) and beaten white of eggs, and the pavitas, bread with the shape of a small turkey that they consume in San Marcos day.

Craftmanship

Rustic pieces of furniture made of wood, the shoe making and saddlery are labours that nowadays keep doing artisans way.

Festivals and traditions

IznajarLong time ago, in Semana Santa, it was performed the paso (holy week procession), at the same time baroque scenification of Christ Passion and spring exalted. This performance ended being banned by the Church. From 1957 it takes place en the parrish, the Domingo de Ramos, the performance of a new paso, performance of an act play, La divina tragedia, from  priest Josè Julio Martìnez, in which take part more than 100 people. The procesion de la borriquita, on the same Sunday, as the one of Jesùs el Nazareno on Holy Friday morning, have live characters that perform figures from Bible.

On the 25th April, San Marcos day, neighbours go out for lunch to Valdearenas place, by the lake, with a basket in which they carry the joya, the hornazo ( kind of bread).From 7th to 10th September it takes place the Feria Real. Iznàjar keeps a popular dance, the “chacarrà”, that it is danced in the festivities.

Visit

On top of the mountain where the village is sat, raises the castle, very damaged now, and some remains of the city walls that enclosed the old village. Inside this enclosure, is the patio de las comedias, small square which name comes from the activity in it developed, and the parroquia de Santiago, large temple from the Renaissance period built between centuries XV and  XVII, with the latin cross plan, in which its stands out the baroque altarpiece from the main altar.

IznajarBy the church it is the cemetery, opened in 1806. From this place there are excellent views of the lake and surroundings, as well as of the rest of the village, that spreads its white houses in steep streets of picturesque irregularity and which most representative group is in the Coso, nearby neighbourhood, a bit lower, with its white houses and courts full of flowers. The Plaza Nueva, with its high viewpoints, create an excellent frame for relax and contemplation.

From the Plaza Nueva, by Josè Rosales, we get the area of El Caganchuelo, where, looking to the easy waters of the dam, there is a line of caves that are still today occupied.